By Erode G. Mahadevan
The ebook describes the technological know-how and expertise of formula and production of non-nitroglycerine explosives with ammonium nitrate because the major element. in response to the author's adventure of greater than thirty years, it presents an extraordinary remedy of 1 of the commercially most vital periods of explosives and as a result stimulates additional learn and improvement efforts within the box of explosives for civil applications.Content:
Chapter 1 category of Explosives (pages 1–3):
Chapter 2 Explosive technological know-how (pages 5–14):
Chapter three Ammonium Nitrate Explosives (pages 15–30):
Chapter four Ammonium Nitrate and AN/FO (pages 31–58):
Chapter five Slurries and Water Gels (pages 59–112):
Chapter 6 Emulsion Explosives (pages 113–155):
Chapter 7 learn and improvement (pages 157–162):
Chapter eight practical defense in the course of Manufacture of AN Explosives (pages 163–177):
Chapter nine Economics of AN?Based Explosives (pages 179–193):
Chapter 10 present prestige and Concluding feedback (pages 195–197):
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Additional resources for Ammonium Nitrate Explosives for Civil Applications: Slurries, Emulsions and Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oils
This kind of truck is also the simplest and cheapest but the efﬁciency of the delivery would depend on the free ﬂow of the mix, which can cause problems of bridging and clogging if the mix has been stored under pressure for a period of time before being loaded onto the bulk delivery vehicle. 1 Physical AN/FO made out of AN prills is a free-ﬂowing loose solid capable of functioning as an explosive under certain conditions of boostering, conﬁnement, and diameter of charge. 5). It can be seen from this data that use of LDPP is the only way to obtain acceptable performance in AN/FO.
Care is taken to see that the oil is not wicked out from inside of the prill. This will happen if the absorbent paper is fresh and held pressed for too long on the prill. Once the surface excess oil is removed, the AN prills are weighed and the gain in weight is due to the oil absorbed and held within the prills. It is expressed as percentage or grams per cubic centimeter. Another method involves dissolving a known weight of AN after mixing with FO in water and measuring the volume of oil liberated.
An up and down evaluation of reaction to the test can be done if sufﬁcient number of measurements are made, and this value is characteristic of that particular explosive and can be compared with similar F50 values obtained for other explosives or standard primary explosives to obtain an idea of the sensitivity of the explosive under consideration. A higher F50 value indicates lower sensitivity. Variation of this test can be made to obtain the effect of grit on the explosive by mixing the explosive with measured quantities of standardized grit (ﬁne, dry river sand) and subjecting the mix to the test.
Ammonium Nitrate Explosives for Civil Applications: Slurries, Emulsions and Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oils by Erode G. Mahadevan