By Zhang, Sam; Zhao, Dongliang

ISBN-10: 1498706711

ISBN-13: 9781498706711

Advances in Magnetic fabrics: Processing, houses, and function discusses contemporary advancements of magnetic fabrics, together with fabrication, characterization and purposes within the aerospace, biomedical, and semiconductors industries. With contributions by way of overseas pros who own extensive and sundry services, this quantity encompasses either bulk fabrics and skinny motion pictures and coatings for magnetic purposes. A well timed reference ebook that describes things like ferromagnetism, nanomaterials, and Fe, ZnO, and Co-based fabrics, Advances in Magnetic fabrics is an excellent textual content for college kids, researchers, and pros operating in fabrics technological know-how.

  • Describes fresh advancements of magnetic fabrics, together with fabrication, characterization, and applications
  • Addresses quite a few business functions, resembling aerospace, biomedical, and semiconductors
  • Discusses bulk fabrics and skinny motion pictures and coatings
  • Covers ferromagnetism, nanomaterials, Fe, ZnO, and Co-based materials
  • Contains the contributions of foreign pros with vast and sundry expertise
  • Covers a holistic diversity of magnetic fabrics in a variety of points of approach, homes, and function

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Extra resources for Advances in magnetic materials : processing, properties, and performance

Example text

In zero field, the two orientations of the magnetization along the easy axis, denoted by ↑ and ↓, have equal energy. An energy barrier of height E = KV separates these two states. At low temperatures, the magnetization of each particle remains blocked in one of the two directions, imposed either by chance as the particle cooled from higher temperatures, or by application of some magnetic field stronger than the coercive field. As the temperature increases, thermal activation must be taken into account.

Drawn based on S. V. Vonsovskii, R. Hardin, Magnetism, John Wiley & Sons, 1974, Vol. ) Ferromagnetism only occurs in a few substances: iron, nickel, cobalt, their alloys, and some alloys of rare earth metals. Iron comes with two forms of magnetism: hard and soft. In hard iron, the domains will not shift back to their starting points when the field is taken away and is used in permanent magnets. In soft iron, the domains return to being randomly aligned when the field is removed. 14. To make a permanent magnet, a piece of hard iron is placed in a magnetic field.

In the latter case, Ni nanoparticles with average 3 nm thin oxide film are formed. The advantage of oxide nanoparticles is that they can be easily functionalized through the attachment of organic or biological molecules to the particle surface which can increase the selectivity and bonding strength of the particle and target. 2 Metallic Nanoparticles Metallic nanoparticles are pyrophoric and reactive to oxidizing agents to various degrees, which makes their handling difficult as unwanted side reactions occur.

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Advances in magnetic materials : processing, properties, and performance by Zhang, Sam; Zhao, Dongliang

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