By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy
During this quantity best researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its issues contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal element; the connection among which means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its targets are to supply a entire imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive houses of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and targeted integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the publication with an summary of present learn ahead of introducing and contextualizing the remainder chapters. The paintings is geared toward students and complicated scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it is going to additionally entice researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition drawn to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.
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Additional info for Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
Shape > Color > Nationality/Origin > Material] However, there are some concerns regarding these structures. For one thing, the categories are not well-motivated outside of the adjectival ordering phenomenon that they are introduced to describe. That is, they do not carry much explanatory force. Secondly, the actual observed orderings are not as rigid as such an approach would seem to predict. What is desired is an independently motivated hierarchy, with some way to ﬁt adjectives into it in a way that correctly predicts adjective ordering facts.
Hest-ar-nir horse-pl-def “the horses” (Icelandic) There are also cases in which articles are reported to appear inside plural markers. Under closer investigation, these seem to fall into two types: those in which the morpheme appearing closer to the noun than the plural is not actually an article, and those in which there is evidence for movement. I brieﬂy describe one example of each type. ” However, the morpheme in question does not signal the semantic eﬀects associated with articles; it is used, for example, on nouns in existential contexts (examples from Hualde and Ortiz de Urbina 2003: 120).
The order in (14b) is simply derived by moving N to the left of Adj. The order in (14c) is derived by combining that step with an additional step moving the [N–Adj] sequence across Num. And the order in (14d) involves yet another step, moving [[N–Adj]–Num] across Dem. Cinque (2005) notes that N-raising orders are all attested, for example Dem–N–Num– A, in which the N moves across the Num and A. 4 Haspelmath et al. (2005) give the relative order of the noun and each dependent; thus, it can be determined, for example, that sixty-nine languages have Numeral before Noun, and Noun before both Adjective and Demonstrative; the database itself does not indicate how many of these sixty-nine are Num-N-Adj-Dem and how many are Num-N-Dem-Adj.
Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy