By James S.F. (Stuart) Barker (auth.), Julius van der Werf, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Richard Frankham, Cedric Gondro (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1402090048

ISBN-13: 9781402090042

ISBN-10: 1402090056

ISBN-13: 9781402090059

Fitness and model are basic features of plant and animal species, permitting them to outlive of their atmosphere and to conform to the inevitable alterations during this setting. this can be actual for either the genetic assets of traditional ecosystems in addition to these utilized in agricultural production.

Extensive genetic edition exists among varieties/breeds in a species and among members inside of breeds. this modification has constructed over very lengthy sessions of time. a tremendous ongoing problem is how one can most sensible make the most of this change to fulfill momentary calls for while additionally maintaining it for longer-term attainable use.

Many animal breeding courses have resulted in elevated functionality for creation qualities yet this has frequently been followed via decreased health. additionally, the worldwide use of genetic assets activates the query even if brought genotypes are tailored to neighborhood construction platforms. figuring out the genetic nature of health and model will permit us to higher deal with genetic assets permitting us to make effective and sustainable judgements for the advance or breeding of those resources.

This e-book had an formidable target in bringing jointly a pattern of the world’s top scientists in animal breeding and evolutionary genetics to replace wisdom to increase our knowing of those important issues.

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Extra resources for Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management

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G. F. 1992. Rapid loss of genetic variation in large captive populations of Drosophila flies: Implications for the genetic management of captive populations. Conserv. Biol. 6: 416–425. Brotherstone, S. and Goddard, M. 2005. Artificial selection and the maintenance of genetic variance in the global dairy cow population. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 360: 1479–1488. 34 R. G. 1980. The Mathematical Theory of Quantitative Genetics, Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK. W. B. 1976. Screwworm eradication: Inadvertent selection for noncompetitive ecotypes during mass rearing.

1974. The distribution of genetic and environmental effects and the linearity of heritability. Can. J. Genet. Cytol. 16: 3–10. Nunney, L. 2001. Managing captive populations for release: a population genetic perspective. C. ), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 73–88. Ohta, T. and Kimura, M. 1969. Linkage disequilibrium due to random genetic drift. Genet. Res. 13: 47–55. R. M. 2002. Quantitative trait loci for maternal performance for offspring survival in mice. Genetics 162: 1341–1353.

4% per year in non-return rate. These estimates of inbreeding depression typically come from data where the inbreeding has occurred in the recent past, so that selection has had little opportunity to prevent deleterious genes drifting up in frequency. However, the population as a whole is inbreeding much more slowly and so natural selection has an opportunity to oppose random increases in the frequency of deleterious alleles. This would imply that the actual inbreeding depression experienced by livestock populations is less than predicted above by estimating inbreeding depression per %F due to one generation of inbreeding.

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Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management by James S.F. (Stuart) Barker (auth.), Julius van der Werf, Hans-Ulrich Graser, Richard Frankham, Cedric Gondro (eds.)


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