By Neta C. Crawford

ISBN-10: 0199981736

ISBN-13: 9780199981731

The unintentional deaths of civilians in struggle are too usually disregarded as unavoidable, inevitable, and unintended. And regardless of the easiest efforts of the U.S. to prevent them, civilian casualties in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan were a standard characteristic of the U.S.' wars after Sept. 11. In responsibility for Killing, Neta C. Crawford makes a speciality of the explanations of those many episodes of foreseeable collateral harm and Read more...

summary: The accidental deaths of civilians in conflict are too frequently disregarded as unavoidable, inevitable, and unintended. And regardless of the simplest efforts of the U.S. to prevent them, civilian casualties in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan were a standard characteristic of the us' wars after 11th of September. In responsibility for Killing, Neta C. Crawford specializes in the factors of those many episodes of foreseeable collateral harm and the ethical accountability for them. The dominant paradigm of felony and ethical accountability in warfare this day stresses either goal and person responsibility. planned killing of civilians is outlawed and overseas legislation blames person infantrymen and commanders for such killing. a person soldier should be sentenced existence in criminal or demise for intentionally killing even a small variety of civilians, however the huge scale killing of dozens or maybe 1000s of civilians can be forgiven if it was once unintentional--"incidental"--To an army operation. The very legislation that protects noncombatants from planned killing may well let many episodes of unintentional killing. below foreign legislations, civilian killing could be forgiven if it was once accidental and incidental to a militarily helpful operation. Given the character of latest conflict, the place army organizations-training, and the alternative of guns, doctrine, and tactics-create the stipulations for systemic collateral harm, Crawford contends that putting ethical accountability for systemic collateral harm on participants is lost. She develops a brand new thought of organizational ethical enterprise and accountability, and indicates how the united states army exercised ethical organisation and ethical accountability to lessen the prevalence of collateral harm in America's latest wars. certainly, while the U.S. army and its allies observed that the notion of collateral harm killing was once inflicting it to lose aid within the conflict zones, it moved to a "population centric" doctrine, placing civilian security on the center of its strategy.--Publisher description

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Extra info for Accountability for killing : moral responsibility for collateral damage in America's post-9/11 wars

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78 The history of US warfare suggests that when concern to minimize noncombatant death has become part of the operational understanding of military necessity, 77 General Michael T. Hall and General Stanley A. McChrystal, ISAF Commanders Counterinsurgency Guidance, International Security Assistance Force, Kabul Afghanistan, August 2009.  1-5. Int roduc ti on 31 the military loses its fatalism and takes responsibility for minimizing noncombatant death. The US military has recognized this problem but has been only marginally successful in reducing the damage.

Stufflebeem replied, “A 2,000-pound weapon is a devastating weapon. . ”61 But in combat, the 60 These distances are, respectively, for 10 percent and a 1 percent probability of incapacitation. S.  58–59. 61 Stufflebeem, “DoD News Briefing—ASD PA Clarke and Rear Adm. Stufflebeem,” http://www. transcriptid=2600, 5 December 2001. In this case, the bomb landed where it was supposed to.  25. introduction 18 use of air power entails risks for one’s own troops when they are in contact with the enemy.

47 Int roduc ti on 15 results of its investigation public on 18 June 2009, revealing that four F/A-18F and a B-1B bomber were involved in the attack on Garani. The F/A-18Fs were used to drop flares, strafe the area with machine gun fire, and drop bombs. The first B-1B strike released three 500-pound bombs, set for an air burst. This strike destroyed a mosque and an adjacent building. A second B-1B strike released two 500-pound and two 2,000-pound bombs. ” The third B-1B strike, less than 30 minutes later dropped a single 2,000-pound bomb on a building where the “B-1B Commander and the ground force commander,” seeing “similarly sized adults moving rapidly in the dark .

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Accountability for killing : moral responsibility for collateral damage in America's post-9/11 wars by Neta C. Crawford


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