By Jon D. Patrick & Ilari Zubiri Ibarrondo

ISBN-10: 3895864447

ISBN-13: 9783895864445

This e-book is a pragmatic instruction manual of the grammar of the basque language. it really is geared toward the 1st 3 years of a school basque language curriculum. The booklet is outfitted at the wide subject different types outlined by way of HABE as vital for the 1st four degrees of basque language competence. The authors' adventure of attending periods on the larger degrees of 5-12 were drawn directly to ensure the remainder commonest language gains pupil may be uncovered to on the street, from tv programmes, newspapers and radio. Competency in the entire contents of the e-book may be certain a scholar was once on the uppermost finish of the size of second language speaker competency. a distinct characteristic of the textual content is its explanatory variety. each one subject is mentioned after which a sequence of sentence examples in basque are awarded besides their english translation. In overall there are approximately 2300 instance pairs of sentences within the publication. Importantly every one instance is used to target a selected point of the language. to help the coed detailed notes are additional to English translations to give an explanation for version within the translation from the literal shape. The ebook additionally includes a set of Appendices of the auxiliary verb pardigms in a clearest structure but released. additionally it includes a set of Appendices of the most typical kinds of compound and artificial verbs. Chapters: 1. PHONETICS - FONETIKA. 2. advent TO MORPHOLOGY - MORFOLOGIARI SARRERA. three. DECLENSION - DEKLINABIDEA. four. MORPHOLOGY - MORFOLOGIA. five. THE VERB - ADITZA. 6. SYNTAX - SINTAXIS. 7. NOTIONS / parts - NOZIOAK

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Extra info for A Student Grammar of Euskara

Example text

But during the Middle Ages Euskara came under the infl uence of i ts neighboring lan­ guages , and they started to use ZU instead of HI as a form of courtesy and respecL So, the usage ehanged and became the fol lowing: HI ZU ZUEK : expresses the fam i l iar, used with people you trust and peers. : went rrom bei ng you (plural, formal) to you (singular, formal), and beeame the most commonly u scd way to say you. : when zu changed i n meaning to you (singular, formal) a new form was created to take the pl ace of you (plural , formal) .

BORROWED WORDS - Maileguak Borrowed words suffer some minor adaptations when used in Euskara. 12. PHONETICS Fonetika - The formal eategori zation of phonemes i n Euskara i s presented below using the Interna­ tional Phonctie Alphabet (IPA). The study or Euskara's phonology is weB developed and detailed descriptions can be found in Hualde, ( 1 99 1 ) and SaltoreBi, ( 1 988) (see introduc­ tion). The eharacter i s the on ly one that causes serio us eoneern for the new learner as it is manifest in up to 7 di lTerent sounds depending on what part of the country you are in.

The foc us on a verb can be created by placing a "dumrny" verb EGIN immediately after the verb. Here is an example : Zertan Kepa Joni egin zuen? Jo EGIN zuen : What did Kepa do to J on? : He hit him. 2. TOPIC While the focus of the sentence is placed in front of the verb the other elements may be placed at the beginning or end of the sentence. The element placed at the beginning is the topic of the sentence. For example: HORI, gure kotxe berria da : As for that, it's our new caro To remove the topicalisation of hori it would have to be placed at the end of the sentence.

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A Student Grammar of Euskara by Jon D. Patrick & Ilari Zubiri Ibarrondo


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