By Nicole Nau
Latgalian is a neighborhood language of Latvia in significant Europe, on a regular basis utilized by an predicted variety of 150,000 audio system. Genetically it belongs to the japanese Baltic department of Indo-European. whereas its shut dating to Latvian is obvious in uncomplicated vocabulary and inflectional morphemes, there also are major changes within the phonology, morphology and syntax of the 2 languages, because of divergent improvement through the seventeenth - nineteenth c., while Latgalia was once politically and culturally separated from different Latvian territories. additionally, touch with Slavic languages (Polish, Belarusian, Russian) has performed an immense position within the heritage of Latgalian.
Typologically salient positive aspects of Latgalian comprise morphophonological concord with an competition of again vs. entrance vowels and smooth (palatalized or alveolar) vs. difficult consonants, a wide stock of non-finite verb types, genitive vs. accusative marking of direct gadgets, dative marking of fundamental center arguments in a number of structures, using non-finite predicates in represented speech, and the lifestyles of a different logophoric pronoun pertaining to the speaker of a said discourse.
Nicole Nau is professor of Baltic languages and linguistics at Adam Mickiewicz college in Pozna?, Poland. She can be the writer of LWM 217: Latvian.
ISBN 9783862880553. Languages of the World/Materials 482. 120pp. 2011
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Additional resources for A short grammar of Latgalian
Cyuka. VTnu drnu tavs saceja dalym, ka reit jokaun cyuka, ja zrmys laika beja pTsnidzs tik daudz snTga, ka sermo cyuka soka kopiajat pa jumtym. 'At some edge of a swamp there lived two brothers, Jezups and Savers. They had a grey pig. One day father told [his] sons that the next day [the] pig had to be slaughtered, for so much snow had fallen during winter that the grey pig started to clamber about [the] roofs. SG The numeral vlns 'one' can have a similar effect, as in vlnu dlnu 'one day, on a certain day' and example (104) below.
DEF The majority of noun phrases in a text is not marked for definiteness. Only in noun phrases containing a descriptive adjective in position QUAL-2 do we find a grammaticalized device for marking definiteness in the choice between long and short adjectival ending. Noun phrases consisting of a single noun or noun phrases containing only a modifier in position QUAL-1 can be indefinite or definite. For noun phrases with a determinating modifier this element, for example, a demonstrative or indefinite pronoun, marks the definiteness status of the noun phrase (more research is needed here).
Sus) 17 This preposition also has some of the meanings of English for (Latin pro), for example in contrast to 'agai nst' , or in 'to vote for ', 'to fight for' or ' in exchange for'. It thu s partly overlaps with the (but does not share the local meaning ' behind', nor the temporal 'after '), meanings of Lithuanian which is commonly used in co mparative constructions. uz 18 Note that the construction vis+stem+comp+definite ending is the most frequent means of forming the superlative in Latvian, which certainly favors the spread of this construction in Modern Latgalian.
A short grammar of Latgalian by Nicole Nau