By E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. Benatova

ISBN-10: 9549119718

ISBN-13: 9789549119718

E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. BenatovaA brief Grammar of Bulgarian for English talking inexperienced persons / Краткая грамматика болгарского языка для говорящих на английском языке О книге.Учебное пособие, включающее в себя самые важные аспекты современного болгарского языка.Modern Bulgarian is among the South Slavonic languages, descendant of outdated Bulgarian. a number of later variations of previous Bulgarian are usually often called previous Church Slavonic. smooth Bulgarian is now the reputable regular language of the Republic of Bulgaria.Bulgarian and Slavonic writing constructed after the production of the Cyrillic Alphabet within the ninth century (A.D.). Bulgarian is in reality the oldest Slavonic language which used writing for literary paintings and one of many oldest in Europe. The Slavonic literary culture flourished for a number of centuries within the Bulgarian lands and unfold to Serbia and Russia.Содержание книги:Some easy info in regards to the Bulgarian LanguagePrefacePart One PHONETICS (ФОНЕТИКА) Vowels (Гласни)Unstressed Vowels (Неударени гласни)Consonants (Съгласни)Palatal Consonants (Палатални съгласни)Stress (Ударение)Phonetic changes (Фонемни редувания)Metathesis (Метатеза)Part TwoMORPHOLOGY (МОРФОЛОГИЯ)I. Nouns (Съществителни имена)Gender (Род)Number (Число)Determination of Nouns (Членуване на съществителните имена)Use of the yes Article (Употреба на определителния член)Formation of Nouns (Образуване на съществителните имена)II. Adjectives (Прилагателни имена)Gender (Род)Plural of adjectives (Множествено число на прилагателните имена)The Use of the certain Article with Adjectives (Членуване на прилагателните имена)Degrees of comparability (Степени на сравнение)Formation of Adjectives (Образуване на прилагателните имена)III. Numerals (Числителни имена)Cardinal Numerals (Бройни числителни)Ordinal Numerals (Редни числителни)IV. Pronouns (Местоимения)1. own Pronouns (Лични местоимения)2. Possessive Pronouns (Притежателни местоимения)3. Reflexive Pronouns (Възвратни местоимения)4. Demonstrative Pronouns (Показателни местоимения)5. Interrogative Pronouns (Въпросителни местоимения)6. Relative Pronouns (Относителни местоимения)7. Indefinite Pronouns (Неопределителни местоимения)8. unfavourable Pronouns (Отрицателни местоимения)9. Generalizing Pronouns (Обобщителни местоимения)V Verbs (Глаголи)5.1.. category of Verbs (Класификация на глаголите)A. Transitive and Intransitive Verbs (Преходни и непреходни глаголи)B. own and Impersonal Verbs (Лични и безлични глаголи)C. Non-Reflexive and Reflexive Verbs (Невъзвратни и възвратни глаголи)D. easy and Compound Verbs (Прости и сложни глаголи)5.2. Grammatical different types of the Verb (Граматически категории на глагола)1. individual and quantity (Лице и число)2. point (Вид на глагола)3. The annoying approach (Глаголните времена)3.1. the current stressful (Сегашно време)3.2. The Imperfect prior (Минало несвършено време)3.3. The Aorist previous annoying (Минало свършено време -аорист)ЗА the suitable demanding (Минало неопределено време)3.5. The earlier ideal annoying (Минало предварително време)3.6. the longer term demanding (Бъдеще време)3.7. the longer term some time past stressful (Бъдеще време в миналото)3.8. the long run ideal annoying (Бъдеще предварително време)3.9. the longer term excellent long ago demanding (Бъдеще предварително време в миналото)4. Voice of the Verb (Залог на глагола)Formation of the Passive Voice (Образуване на страдателния залог)5. temper of the Verb ((Наклонение на глагола)5.1. The Indicative temper (Изявително наклонение)5.2. The significant temper (Повелително наклонение)5.3. The Conditional temper (Условно наклонение)5.4. The Renarrated temper (Преизказно наклонение)6. Non-Finite Verb types (Нелични глаголни форми)6.1. Participles (Причастия)A. The energetic current Participle (Сегашно деятелно причастие)B. The lively Imperfect previous Participle (Минало несвършено деятелно причастие)С The energetic Aorist earlier Participle (Минало свършено деятелно причастие)D. The Passive prior Participle ((Минало страдателно причастие)6.2. Verbal Adverbs (Деепричастия)6.3. Verbal Nouns (Отглаголни съществителни)6.4. The Infinitive (Инфинитив)7. Verb Formation (Образуване на глаголите)7.1. Derivation of Verbs of the Perfective point (Образуване на глаголи от свършен вид)7.2. Derivation of Imperfective Verbs (Образуване на глаголи от несвършен вид)7.3. Derivation of Verbs from different grammatical different types (Образуване на глаголи от други граматически категории)VI. Adverbs (Наречия)VII. Prepositions (Предлози)VIIL Conjunctions (Съюзи)IX. debris (Частици)Literature

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As the authors point out, it would even be possible, although certainly impractical, to expand their unification grammar for Finnish to a standard Introduction 19 phrase structure grammar. The solution that they consider most efficient for the case at hand is to compile it to a set of constituent structure rules with unordered right-hand sides. For each such rule, a set of possible orderings can then be derived from the grammar with further constraints on the constituents. In this way standard parsing techniques can be used and one can avoid the combinatorial explosion that would result from turning the grammar to a set of ordinary phrase structure rules.

The authors argue that the data are fully compatible with a model of language comprehension such as the one found in Forster (1979), which consists of a set of autonomous processing modules operating under the guidance of a general cognitive system (GCS). The outputs from these modules, they assume, are linguistic representations, and the modules themselves may correspond to levels in linguistic theory (phonetics, phonology, lexicon, syntax, semantics). The best evidence for the modularity hypothesis comes from the studies of lexical processing.

Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society, pp. 40920. , and Lorraine K. Tyler. 1981. Modeling human parsing strategies? Paper presented at University of Texas Conference on Modeling Human Parsing Strategies. McCawley, James D. 1968. Concerning the base component of a transformational grammar. Foundations of Language 4:243-69. Michael, Ian. 1970. English grammatical categories and the tradition to 1800. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. , and Noam Chomsky. 1963. Finitary models of language users.

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A Short Grammar of Bulgarian for English Speaking Learners by E. Antonova, E. Boytchinova, P. Benatova


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