By Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin
Because the early Nineteen Sixties, a few 1.3 million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, essentially to Israel and the united states. principally as a result of the innovative and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their acquaintances through the international this nice exodus had very important ramifications for US family with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel. furthermore, the luck of yankee Jews in mounting and maintaining this lobbying attempt represented a coming of age for the neighborhood, which on a number of many years earlier than were not able to extricate hundreds of thousands of Jews from Europe and the Nazis. This publication, half historical past, half occasion, combines essays by means of students with memoirs and primary hand debts to chronicle this awesome rescue undertaking.
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Additional resources for A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews
D. Chernin, Making Soviet Jews an Issue 31 the chairs and presidents of NCRAC, the Presidents’ Conference, the Synagogue Council, and the American Jewish Committee was set up to examine these proposals. Even before that meeting, according to a confidential memorandum by Philip Baum, then international affairs director of the American Jewish Congress, “Arthur J. Goldberg, then associate justice of the Supreme Court, together with Senators Jacob Javits of New York and Abraham Ribicoff of Connecticut, felt that perhaps the United States should officially broach the subject of discrimination against the Jews with the Soviet Union.
Fast replied, “Because if it’s true, the world should know. It’s important. ” To which Novick replied, “But Russia is . . the only socialist country. That’s more important” (322 and 327–28). On the night of 12 August 1952, twenty-three of the Yiddish poets, writers, journalists, and intellectuals who were among the leaders of the Jewish Anti-Fascist Committee arrested in 1948, including Fefer and Markish, were executed in the cellar of Lubyanka Prison. They were tried in July 1952 and charged with being agents of American imperialism who aimed to separate the Crimea from the Soviet Union and establish a Jewish national bourgeois Zionist republic to serve as an American military base against the Soviet Union.
Even as Khrushchev exposed to the Twentieth Communist Party Congress on 26 February 1956, the terrible crimes committed by Stalin, he was silent on the crimes against the Jews. ”31 The winds of change promised by Khrushchev did not blow for Jews. ”32 Contacts with Jewish communities abroad were suspect. There was virtually no interruption in the effort to strangle Jewish religious life. The closing of synagogues continued unabated. Prayer books, talesim, and phylacteries continued to be in scarce supply.
A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews by Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin