By Karel Werner

ISBN-10: 0700710493

ISBN-13: 9780700710492

A multi-purpose reference paintings which may still turn into an critical spouse for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. contains a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a word list of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the ancient improvement of Hinduism.

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Additional info for A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of Religion)

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Creating the Vedic civilization, used for themselves and which was once so used also by other IE nations (cf. Iran and Eire). It is often used instead of the designation IE, sometimes, not quite appropriately, with racial meaning. Āryaman (Av. Airyaman) one of the Ādityas, representing the quality of nobleness, hospitality, protection and generosity. Ārya Samāj a Hindu reform movement founded in 1875 by Dayānanda (1824– 83) with the motto ‘Back to the Vedas’, but under the influence of some liberal modern ideas, resulting from European type education introduced to India.

The earth; the Earth goddess. dharma righteousness, virtue, integrity; discipline; duty, caste duty; reality, truth, cosmic law; āśrama dharma: primary pursuit and duty appropriate to the stage of life (āśrama) one is in (a somewhat artificial Brahminic attempt to combine the scheme of four āśramas with that of four ): (1) the discipline of learning (brahmacarya) from and serving one’s teacher as a disciple INTRODUCTION 41 (brahmacāri); (2) sensory and aesthetic fulfilment (kāma) and the satisfaction of material and social ambitions (artha) as a householder ; (3) the discipline of renunciation and aspiration to achieve liberation as a forestdwelling hermit (vānaprastha); and (4) the final push for liberation as a homeless wanderer (parivrājaka, , ).

Wheel. Calendar had never quite been unified throughout India before the adoption of the European system. The basis of the Hindu year is a lunar month (which begins with the full moon in the North and with the new moon in the South), divided into the bright half , starting with the new moon, and the dark half , starting with the full moon. There are twelve lunar months divided into six seasons : Vasanta (spring): Caitra (March/April), Vaiśākha (April/ May); (hot season): (May/June), (June/July); (rainy season): (July/August), Bhādrapada (August/September); Śarad (autumn): Aśvinā, Aśvayuja (September/October), Kārttika (October/November); Hemanta (winter): (November/December), (December/January); Śiśira (frosty season): Māgha (January/February), Phālguna (February/ March).

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A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of Religion) by Karel Werner

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