By José Ignacio Hualde, Jon Ortiz de Urbina

ISBN-10: 3110176831

ISBN-13: 9783110176834

Because the purely surviving pre-Indo-European language of western Europe, Basque has usually attracted the curiosity of linguists. while, ordinarily, descriptive paintings on Basque has basically taken with morphological gains, together with its advanced process of verb-argument contract and its strict ergative development of inflection, over the last twenty years a brand new new release of Basque linguists has produced very refined, theoretically-informed paintings on many points of the syntax, morphology and phonology of the language, revealing, for example, a strategy of focalization with many fascinating houses and the lifestyles in a few dialects of an accentual method strikingly just like that of normal jap. The e-book, bringing jointly this amassed wisdom at the constitution of Basque, is significantly extra entire than the other latest grammar of the language. one other fascinating characteristic of this grammar is that the outline is illustrated with fully-glossed examples extracted from numerous written resources. even though the focal point is the fashionable common language, dialectal positive factors are thought of intimately and examples are taken from all dialects and sessions.

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G. bake ~ pake 'peace', parka ~ barka 'forgive', tailu ~ dailu 'scythe', katu ~ gatu 'cat'. Words presenting such alternants are for the most part borrowings. These facts seem to indicate that at an earlier time the contrast tended to be neutralized in initial position in favor of the voiced series. (c)Word-finally, the contrast between voiced and voiceless stops is neutralized. Only -k and -t occur word-finally (cf. g. Baztan, cf. g. nik [nik] ~ [ηϊγ] Ί, ERG'. 20 Phonology There are some morphophonological alternations of the type illustrated by dut Ί have it', dud-ala 'that I have it' vs.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 2. 3. 4. 4. I. Hualde & J. 1. 1. 2. 3. 2. 3. 4. 5. 11. Coordination (I. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 2. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 4. 1. 1. 2. 2. 5. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Text 5 Sources of examples References Index 851 851 856 859 860 868 872 872 872 874 881 887 893 893 897 903 906 912 915 922 935 Chapter 1 Introduction J. I. 1. The Basque language and its name The word 'Basque' derives, through French, from the name of the Vascones, a nation or tribe that in Roman times occupied an area of the Iberian Peninsula including most of present-day Navarre and neighboring parts of Aragon.

G. xagu 'little mouse', DIM of sagu 'mouse'; xuxen 'correct, straight', DIM of zuzen) and in names such as Xabier, Xenpelar. In at least some Bizkaian areas, initial x- does not occur at all so that even a name like Xabier is pronounced with [§-]. g. χοή 'bird'). g. tximino 'monkey\xdhal 'calf). Table 6. g. azal 'skin', izan 'to be', atzo 'yesterday', etzi 'day after tomorrow', etzan 'to lay', esan 'to say', osaba 'uncle', atso 'old woman', etsi 'to give up', otso 'wolf. g. axuri 'lamb', axeri 'fox' (also azeri), baxu 'short' (< OSp baxo), etxe 'house' (also etse), itxaso 'sea' (also itsaso).

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A Grammar of Basque by José Ignacio Hualde, Jon Ortiz de Urbina

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