By Klaus K. Klostermaier

ISBN-10: 1851681752

ISBN-13: 9781851681754

With entries on every little thing from Manu to Gandhi and the Ramesvaram to the Himalayas, this is often a useful reference ebook.

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He is considered a model of loyalty and selfless service. Bhï•ma Parvan The sixth part of the MAHÄBHÄRATA, which also contains the BHAGAVAD-GÏTÄ. bhojana (‘eating’, ‘meal’) Surrounded with rituals and also part of the daily temple ritual: the feeding of the image of god is a main ingredient of mürti-püjä. Bhøgu See BHÄRGAVAS. bhü, also bhümi (‘the earth’) name of one of Vi•æu’s consorts. bhukti (‘[sensual] enjoyment’) Normally seen as the opposite to mukti, (spiritual) LIBERATION. However, Ÿäktism promises both bhukti and mukti and denies an opposition between them.

Also Goõä (725–55 God’s saving grace. anumäna (‘inference’) anøta (‘violation of the law’) The opposite of anugraha (‘favour’) One of the PRAMÄŒAS (valid means to find truth) accepted by most Hindu schools of thought. CE) The only female among the Ä®VÄRS. Her original name was Kotai and she grew up in the shadow of the temple of Ÿrïvilliputtur, now boasting the tallest GOPURA in India, built in her honour. Without the knowledge of her father (a temple priest) she draped the garland intended for worship of the IMAGE around her, posing as God’s bride.

A brahmin’s life was to end in SAMNYÄSA, total renunciation. Those who had renounced enjoyed high social status. Apart from reducing one’s wants to a minimum and practising sexual continence (BRAHMACARYA), samnyäsis developed a great variety of forms of tapas, ranging from different forms of abstention from food and drink and other sense gratifications, to lying on a bed of nails, standing for prolonged periods in water, looking into the sun, lifting an arm up till it withered. One of the more widespread forms of self- mortification was the ‘Five-fires-practice’ (pañcägni tapas): the ascetic sat in the centre of a square which was formed by four blazing fires, with the sun overhead as the fifth fire.

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A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of World Faiths) by Klaus K. Klostermaier

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