By Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen
The publication encompasses a number of papers from the convention The Verb in Cognitive Linguistics, held at Gran, Norway in June, 1998. The papers during this ebook are all written inside a cognitive linguistics framework, centred round varied linguistic elements of the verb. the 2 keynote papers (by Richard A. Hudson and Ronald W. Langacker) function an creation to this major subject, supplying a extensive viewpoint and a basic, theoretical historical past from be aware grammar and cognitive grammar, respectively. the rest ten papers are extra heavily aiming at addressing morphological, syntactic and semantic facets of the verb, illustrated via a number of languages and examine parts, together with, i.a., grownup language processing, language acquisition, connectionist modelling, and typology. A majority of the papers describe diversified features of Norwegian - a language no longer past investigated at the sort of scale inside of cognitive linguistics. Norwegian deals beneficial contributions via being heavily concerning English, but differing in definite vital and engaging methods. furthermore, facts from numerous different languages are incorporated, between others Italian, Russian, and varied African languages, delivering a much broader typological diversity.
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Extra resources for A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and Constructional Perspectives
Personally, I see no reason not to similarly regard the clauses in (29a) as representing categorical judgments concerning their respective objects. g. the responses in (30), recently described by Lambrecht (1994) in terms of "sentence focus" vs. "predicate focus": (30) a. What's wrong? My neck hurts. [thetic; sentence focus] b. What's wrong with your neck ? My neck hurts. [categorical; predicate focus] Whereas the response in (30a) accords no special discourse status to the subject, in that the entire sentence represents new information, the response in (30b) takes the subject as a local topic and makes a predication concerning it.
I will mention only in passing a reference point analysis of pronominal anaphora worked out in great detail by Karen van Hoek in the context of cognitive grammar (van Hoek 1995, 1996, 1997a, 1997b). The basic idea is that a pronoun needs to occur in the structural dominion associated with a coreferential reference point salient in the current discourse space, whereas a full NP may not occur in such a context. I cannot go into any detail here. Instead we will concentrate on two other grammatical phenomena that I analyze in terms of reference points: possessive and topic constructions.
As theoretical constructs, the notions trajector and landmark are first posited and strongly motivated for purposes of achieving minimally adequate semantic descriptions. An asymmetry in participant salience is the only evident basis for distinguishing the meanings of pairs of expressions like above and below, which evoke the same content and profile the same relationship (Figure 2). , as well as actives and their corresponding passives. Metaphorically, I conceive of trajector and landmark status in terms of spotlights of focal prominence, a stronger and a weaker spotlight, that can be directed at various elements of a complex scene.
A Cognitive Approach to the Verb: Morphological and Constructional Perspectives by Hanne Gram Simonsen, Rolf Theil Endresen