By John F. Marszalek

ISBN-10: 0813030021

ISBN-13: 9780813030029

Born a slave in 1850s South Carolina and elected to Congress within the Eighteen Nineties, George W. Murray looked to be the antithesis of the African American male within the Jim Crow South and served as a beacon for African americans who observed their hopes overwhelmed within the aftermath of the Civil battle. Early within the 20th century, even if, tragically defeated by means of corrupt Reconstruction politics and white supremacist attitudes he couldn't get away, Murray was once pushed from place of work and from the nation. Drawing on broad examine to reconstruct Murray’s lifestyles tale, Marszalek defines an age and its humans during the compelling conflict of 1 guy and exhibits how and why the nation’s efforts to reconstruct the South right into a biracial democracy failed.
            Murray’s profession, which spanned 1 / 4 of a century, integrated phrases within the U.S. condominium of Representatives and management of South Carolina’s Republican celebration. He used to be an investor in addition to a landed home owner who offered tracts to negative blacks to ensure that them to qualify to vote. yet through the start of the 20 th century, along with his get together in shambles, he stumbled on himself on trial for alleged forgery in a land take care of of his black land dealers. Murray was once came upon to blame, and the South Carolina ultimate court docket upheld the decision. Sentenced to difficult hard work on a series gang, he escaped to Chicago the place he spent the remainder of his lifestyles in obscurity.

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Let the matter be referred to the executive committee,” he urged. “If advisable let the party unite with the Straightout Democrats [great applause] or with the Tillmanites [No! ” His statement spurred even more debate, and Murray let it proceed before arbitrarily cutting it off. He ignored a roll call demand and, over protest, sent Deas’s motion to the Executive Committee. Murray served his new leader well, entrenching himself even further in the high command. E. A. 24 Tillman’s successful capture of the Democratic party at the September state Democratic meeting, the resultant Haskell bolt, and the new Republican leadership seemed to indicate that a realignment of Palmetto State politics was a dramatic possibility.

They called on the new president to name William Mahone of Virginia, a turncoat Democrat, the nation’s postmaster general. They supported a white Republican movement and merger with fallen-away Democrats on the national level in their attempt to oppose similar individuals within their own state. Murray contributed to this contradictory policy. 40 South Carolina’s restrictive electoral laws had all but eliminated any Republican hope for success in state elections and so both factions, the Independents and the Regulars, had to look to Washington to determine the outcome of their disagreement.

Just like the split Democrats, the Republicans disagreed not over policy but over personality. The dispute centered on the alleged corruption and incompetence of Brayton’s leadership and whether or not a change was required. Normally, the state chairman held the position of temporary chairman at any Republican convention, but the Webster forces refused to allow Brayton even this small honor. They nominated Robert Smalls, a black Civil War naval hero, instead, and Murray was openly vocal in his support.

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A Black Congressman in the Age of Jim Crow: South Carolina's George Washington Murray by John F. Marszalek

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